Chapter 3, Lesson 5 Multimedia
Oil is more dense than alcohol, but less dense than water. The molecules that make up the oil are larger than those that that make up water, so they cannot pack as tightly together as the water molecules can. They take up more space per unit area and are less dense.
- Water molecules are packed more closely together than the long molecules that make up oil.
- The oxygen atoms in water are also smaller and heavier than the carbon atoms in oil. This contributes to making water more dense than oil.
Even though the molecules that make up alcohol contain a heavier oxygen atom, alcohol is less dense than oil because alcohol molecules do not pack closely together.
- Lesson 1: Water is a Polar Molecule
- Lesson 2: Surface Tension
- Lesson 3: Why Does Water Dissolve Salt?
- Lesson 4: Why Does Water Dissolve Sugar?
- Lesson 5: Using Dissolving to Identify an Unknown
- Lesson 6: Does Temperature Affect Dissolving?
- Lesson 7: Can Liquids Dissolve in Water?
- Lesson 8: Can Gases Dissolve in Water?
- Lesson 9: Temperature Changes Dissolving
- Lesson 1: What is a Chemical Reaction?
- Lesson 2: Controlling the Amount of Products in a Chemical Reaction
- Lesson 3: Forming a Precipitate
- Lesson 4: Temperature and the Rate of a Chemical Reaction
- Lesson 5: A Catalyst and the Rate of Reaction
- Lesson 7: Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
- Lesson 8: pH and Color Change
- Lesson 9: Neutralizing Acids and Bases
- Lesson 10: Carbon Dioxide Can Make a Solution Acidic